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Bhaktapur Bhadgaon, also known as Bhaktapur, stood the capital of Nepal Valley once during the olden days. And today it is a treasure home of medieval arts and architectures. According to a legend this city was founded in 889 A.D. by late King Anand Deb who belonged to the famous Lichhabi dynasty. The whole city takes the relevant shape of a 'Khat-Kon' or David's Star. Bhaktapur signifies the "City of Devotees", with the sole majority of Hindus. The urban sector covers an area of 4 square miles. Pottery plus weaving form its traditional industries. They make the best yogurt of the kingdom; so it is known as 'juju dhou' or 'king curd.' Nowadays numerous cottage factories produce masks and wooden handicrafts as well. Bhaktapur is 13 kilometers direct east of Kathmandu and is accessible by public taxi vehicles including the bus, mini-bus, trolley-bus, cab and auto-rickshaw.

Durbar Square
The main square of the city which used to be the capital part of old Bhadgaon kingdom contains numerous temples and monuments of wonderful nature. The first striking city mark would be the 55 Windowed Palace built by late King Vupatindra Malla with which the three remaining kingdoms of Kantipur, Lalitpur and Kirtipur envied a lot. This jealousy often lead to some political strife as well. During the Malla era Bhaktapur and Lalitpur particularly appeared as tough competitors. The 55 Windowed Palace is a unique type of structure, so it is the only kind in all modern Nepal without a single imitation or duplication or replica appearing elsewhere. The first ten windows decently face west, thirty-five face south and the remaining ten face east. The Golden Gate, the Gigantic Bell, the Stone Pillar of late Vupatindra Malla and the Chayslin Mandap (Octoganal Pagoda) look gorgeous. The National Art Gallery although closed on Tuesdays expose a large and detailed collection of marvelous stone-crafts and scroll-paintings. Entering through the Golden Gate and behind the 55 Windowed Palace, we come across Taleju Vawani Temple and the Royal Bath. Very obviously every city has a Taleju Vawani Temple as She is believed to be the Protectoress of the city by the orthodox Hindus. The Royal Bath yet looks glamoros with the image of the Serpent God in the middle of the sanatorium although the water-spout has completely dried up. Late King Ranjit Malla was the last of the Malla dynasty to take a holy bath. The 17th century also saw the downfall of the Malla monarchy. The Durbar Square is indeed a World Heritage Site. Adjacent to the Durbar Square is a famous market plaza called Toumadhi Square. This is a big junction where the chariot festival starts during the religious season. It is here that the striking landmark of the country stands tall and majestic. The Nyata-Poul Temple facing the cardinal direction of south is a Hindu pagoda, dedicated to Goddess Siddhi Luxmi. Built by late King Vupatindra Malla it is not only the tallest temple of the city, of the district, of the valley but of the entire nation. It is about 190 feet above the city's ground level. According to the local language, "Nyata-Poul" signifies five-roofed. You can't miss this from your aircraft window. Constructed out of pure terra-cota bricks and super-fine wooden materials, it owns a strong foundation. A dreadful earthquake shook Nepal in 1934. All the surrounding houses and minor shrines collapsed while this remained intact. To the right the Vairab Temple looks magnificent. It faces the cardinal direction of west and is a center for animal sacrifices.

Datta-Traya Square
Further to the north-east of Toumadhi Square is another interesting locality caled Datta-Traya Square. In fact this is the second important urban spot of Bhadgaon. The Datta-Traya Temple also built by late King Vupatindra Malla in the 17th century is a famous pagoda carrying an amusing history. This is a wooden temple facing west; it is believed that the timber used for its relevant construction was sawed out of a single tree. So you can imagine how big the tree must have been. The square has been nomenclatured from the name of the Deity itself. The three-storied temple is dedicated to the three-headed Deity of the orthodox Hindus. It symbolizes the divine triad, a mere combination of Brahma (the Creator), Bishnu (the Preserver) and Maheshwor (the Destroyer). The square as a whole can be regarded as a marvelous gallery of intricate wood carvings. One can smell environments of medieval period around the square. In the periphery of the temple, you can also see monasteries, Vimsen Temple and a platform. There are a couple of handicraft quarters around where watching the skills of the carvers is a sheer joy. The Pujari-Math Temple has the renowned Peacock Window in the laneside facing the cardinal direction of east. It is a pure wooden structure, a master-piece indeed. Apart from these, there exist two special museums-the Metal Craft Museum and the Wood Craft Museum.

Changu (Champak) Narayan
This is the oldest Hindu temple of the Valley built atop a hill village called Changu. Dedicated to Lord Champak Narayan, it is declared to have been built by late King Hari Barma in 323 A.D. who also virtually belonged to the Lichhabi dynasty. The two-roofed pagoda temple is richly decorated with sculptures and carvings. To the ethnic Newars it is known as 'Sako Changu.' And the most authentic inscription located in the precinct of Champak Narayan is dated 464 A.D., accredited to King Man Deb.